Should I Be Worried About Bleeding Gums?

bleeding gums dentist columbia scYou may have noticed bleeding gums during routine brushing and flossing.  It is important for you to know that bleeding gums are not normal. Bleeding gums are one of the most common signs that you may have gum disease, a bacterial infection of the gums.

The key to effective treatment is an early diagnosis and intervention. This can help reduce the risk of the major complications associated with advanced stage gum diseases, such as tooth loss, bone loss, and receding gums.

Dr. Tom Trinkner, a respected dentist operating in Columbia, SC, offers routine screenings for gum disease and a full range of periodontal therapy services to address gingivitis and periodontitis.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

There are several reasons you may experience bleeding gums. Below are some of the most common ones:

Gum Disease

Regular brushing and flossing are essential to maintaining healthy teeth and gums. When you don’t brush or floss your teeth regularly, you can accumulate plaque. Bacteria living in our mouth can cause inflammation and irritation in the gums as it consumes the plaque. This eventually leads to the stage of gum disease known as gingivitis.

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, and is usually indicated by people experiencing bleeding gums. At this early stage, gum disease is still reversible. Dr. Trinkner and his dedicated team can work with you to reverse the effects of gingivitis with a personalized treatment plan.

The longer that bleeding gums are left untreated, the more likely the infection will get worse so seeking treatment early is key. As gum disease progresses, your gums may recede and bacteria may nestle in the gaps, increasing your risk of bone and tooth loss.


Certain types of medication can increase your risk of bleeding gums as a side effect. For example, aspirin, birth control, and blood pressure medication can contribute to bleeding gums.  It is important to notify your dentist about the medicines you are taking so he or she can determine if that is contributing to your bleeding gums.


Pregnancy causes hormone changes in your body. Research shows that pregnant women are at an increased risk of developing gingivitis.

If you are pregnant and notice any changes in your dental health such as bleeding gums, please be sure to contact our team. Dr. Trinkner can work with you to help improve your dental health and discuss ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy while pregnant.

When Do I Need to See a Dentist for Bleeding Gums?

It is important to visit the dentist at least twice a year for a routine dental exam, screening, and professional dental cleaning. However, if you notice any changes in your dental health, you may want to schedule an appointment with our team sooner. Dr. Trinkner is an experienced dentist in Columbia, SC who is committed to helping you achieve healthier teeth and gums. He and is team will work together with you to help restore health and balance to your smile. To schedule an appointment, you can call 803-400-8729 or request an appointment online.