Have you noticed bleeding gums when you floss or brush your teeth? Are you concerned about sore gums?
Bleeding gums are one of the most common signs of gum disease. Gum pain, sore gums, and bleeding gums are often present in patients who have gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease. Your dentist in Columbia, SC treats bleeding gums, gum disease, and gingivitis with periodontal therapy. Dr. Trinkner and Dr. Keefer have seen many patients with this common dental health issue.
What Causes Bleeding Gums?
Bleeding gums may be a sign of gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease. Plaque forms on the surface of teeth and gums. If plaque is not entirely removed through regular brushing and dental cleanings, it can harden into tartar. Excess tartar buildup contributes to increased bleeding and can ultimately lead to an advanced form of gum disease called periodontitis.
It may also be that bleeding gums are caused by aggressive flossing, tooth brushing, or using a toothbrush with too firm of bristles. Pregnant women often experience bleeding gums as a result of hormonal changes in the body.
If you have bleeding gums, it is important that you contact our office as soon as possible to schedule an appointment for a periodontal screening.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums caused by a bacterial infection. As it progresses, gum disease affects the gum tissue as well as supporting bone, ultimately compromising the integrity of the teeth. Treating gum disease as early as possible is the key to avoiding permanent damage and the need for complex reconstructive and restorative care.
Gum disease has two distinct stages that are characterized by specific signs and symptoms. Dr. Trinkner and Dr. Keefer offer experienced care for diagnosing gum disease and working with you to restore your oral health through appropriate treatment and oral hygiene.
Treatment for Bleeding Gums
Treatment for bleeding gums should always be handled by a dentist. Do not attempt to treat bleeding gums at home or use over-the-counter medications without first visiting the dentist. Depending on your condition, there are several treatment options for bleeding gums.
We strive to take the most conservative approach to treating bleeding gums and gum disease. Even for advanced cases, we will begin with non-surgical periodontal therapy to improve the overall tissue quality before surgery and limit the areas requiring surgery.
An intensive cleaning called scaling is the first line of treatment for periodontal disease. This procedure removes plaque and tartar from beneath the gum line. The tooth roots may also be planed to smooth root surfaces, allowing the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the tooth. The dentist may also recommend antibacterial rinses and other aids to reduce inflammation and cure gingivitis.
In some cases, surgical treatment may be necessary to cure gum disease. Periodontal surgery may include gum grafting, crown exposure, or dental implants.
Schedule a Dental Exam and Gums Evaluation
If you have sore gums or bleeding gums, contact our Columbia dentist office for a periodontal screening. Call us at 803-400-8729 or schedule an appointment online.